いざとき英語

ネットを使って、いざという時に何とかのりきる英語の準備をします

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grammar:auxiliary_verb.html


覚えておくべき実用的な「英文法」

助動詞のまとめ一覧

肯定文

助動詞
can
be able to
~することができる He can speak Japanese.
can ~してもよい You can enter if you have a ticket.
can ~はありうる Anybody can make mistakes.
(誰でも間違いを犯すことがあります。)
could ~かもしれない The light in the sky could be a plane.
(空の光は飛行機かもしれません)
must
have to
~しなければならない You must attend the meeting.
I had to write a report about my summer vacation.
must ~に違いないShe must be Bobby's sister.
may
might
~かもしれない We may have some rain tomorrow.
He might come to the party with his wife.
should
ought to
~すべきだ You should exercise every day.
(あたなは毎日運動をするべきです)
You should sleep long time for cure illness
(あたなは病気を治すために長く寝るべきです)
should
ought to
~のはずだ My parents should already be in Boston
(私の両親はもうボストンにいるはずです)
will ~するつもりだ
(意志)
I will do my best in my new job.
(私は新しい仕事で最善を尽くすつもりです。)
will
would (丁寧)
たぶん~だろう He will be busy now.
(彼は今忙しいだろう。)
will よく~する My grandfather will often go fishing on Sundays.
I will drive slowly on a narrow road.
would よく~したものだ My grandfather would often take me to the zoo on weekends.
助動詞
had better ~したほうがよい I had better buy a gift for my wife.


否定文

助動詞
can't ← スペル注意
cannnot
~してはいけない You can't park your car here.
can't ← スペル注意
cannnot
~のはずがない Karen can't be home now.
must not (強く)~してはいけない You must not drink beer in the office.
may not ~してはいけない You may not enter this room.
*推量(かもしれない)の否定ではない
don't have to ~しなくてもよい
~する必要はない
She doesn't have to take the test.
*must notと意味が違うので注意


疑問文

私が

  • 「Must I …?/ Do I have to …?」「Shall I …?」が、意外と使いたくなる。
助動詞
May I …? ~してもよろしいですか May I use your bathroom?
Must I …?
Do I have to ~?
~しなければなりませんか? Must I go now?
Do I have to go to bed now?
Can I …?
Could I …? (丁寧)
~してもいいですか Can I turn on the radio?
Can I have …? ~をください Can I have a newspaper, please?
Can I …? ~しましょうか Can I carry your bag?
Shall I …? ~しましょうか Shall I make some tea?
Shall I show a pictures of Hawaii?
Shall we …? ~しましょうよ Shall we throw away these old magazines?

あなたが

助動詞
Can you …?
Could you …? (丁寧)
~してくれませんか Can you open the window?
Could you lend me the book?
Will you …?
Would you …?(丁寧)
~してくれませんか Will you close the window?
Will you please tell me where she is now?



grammar/auxiliary_verb.html.txt · 最終更新: 2019/03/16 22:50 by kurihara

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